Abilify is designed for patients with diagnosis named schizophrenia. It is used either during the exacerbation period or for maintenance treatment. Abilify is also prescribed in cases of an acute manic episodes of type 1 in manic-depressive psychosis, and as a supportive treatment for bipolar affective disorders. Abilify can be used as an additional treatment during depressive disorders. According to some experts, the drug can be used in order to treat alcoholism.
Accutane, which is isotretinoin, - is a form of vitamin A, belongs to the group of retinoids. It is often used to treat complex, neglected forms of acne, when the remaining anti-acne drugs do not have a positive effect on the treatment of acne. Accutane inhibits the production of sebum and reduces the size of the gums with the main active substance isotretinoin. It is proved that isotretinoin has an antiseptic effect. Also, isotretinoin thinens the stratum corneum of the epidermis to more easily penetrate deep into the affected area. Due to the fact that Accutane suppresses the sebum secretion by reducing the sebaceous glands themselves, this allows to reduce the migration of bacteria in the ducts. And due to the fact that the stratum corneum is thin, the skin fat has an outlet to the outside, from which there is no blockage of the pores and, as a result, pimples.
Aceon, which is perindopril - is prescribed at hypertensia, stroke prevention, chronic cardiac failure. Medicine has a vasorelaxant action, it reduces an afterload due to TPR relief, the medicine reduces resistance in vessels of lungs. It is observed increase of the minute volume of myocardium and increase tolerance of myocardium to strain. The medicine has the natriuretic effect and cardioprotection action. The effect of hypotension is observed in 60 minutes after taking the medicine. Arterial pressure loss isn't followed by development of tachycardia. The maximum therapeutic effect is observed in 4-8 hours, the effect is long-term (up to 24 hours). Perindopril improves brain, kidneys, and myocardium circulation, it reduces the needs of cardiomyocytes for oxygen at CHD.
Aciphex - the medicine, normalizing acidity of a stomach, inhibitor of a proton pomp. It is prescribed at gastroduodenal ulcer in the exacerbation phase, gastroesophageal reflux disease; states which are characterized by pathological hyper secretion including Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. In combination with bactericide - Helicobacter pylori eradication at patients with gastric ulcer or chronic gastritis; treatment and prevention of recurrence of an ulcer at patients with gastric ulcer related to Helicobacter pylori.
Actonel, which is risedronate - is prescribed for treatment and prevention of osteoporosis (post-menopausal, caused by corticosteroids), Paget disease. Risedronate binds to substance of a bone tissue, inhibits its resorption mediated by osteoclasts and reduces a bone turn (does not break process of formation of a bone). It increases the biomechanical strength and volume of bone mass. The maximum decrease in a bone turn is observed in 3-6 months, remaining at the same level during a course of treatment.
Actos, which is pioglitazone - is prescribed to patients with diabetes of type 2 (both as monotherapy, and in a form of the combined therapy with sulphonylurea, metformin or insulin as additional medicine to dietotherapy and physical exercises). Pioglitazone represents peroral hypoglycemic medicine of Thiazolidinediones alignment which effect depends on insulin presence. It is a high-selective agonist of gamma receptors, activated by proliferator of peroxysom (PPAR-γ).
Adalat, which is nifedipine - belongs to hypotensive medicine with antianginalny activity. Blocking calcic channels, an active component of Adalat (nifedipine) causes decrease in intracellular concentration of ions of calcium in smooth muscle cell of intima of vessels and cardiocyte, causing vasodilatory action - in particular, on coronary vessels. As a result of decreases systolic blood pressure, falls TPR and decreases afterload on cardiac muscle. Except for normalization of a coronary blood flow, Adalat promotes pressure decrease in system of pulmonary artery, improves cerebral haemo dynamics. Long-term taking of medicine guarantees anti-atherogenous action, prevents thrombocyte aggregation.
Aggrenox - the combined antiplatelet agent. There are two active ingredients - acetilsalicylic acid and dipiridamol. Action of such combination is caused by different biochemical mechanisms. Aggrenox is prescribed for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke which proceeds as thrombosis. Medicine is also effective for prevention of transitory ischaemic attack.
Albenza - anthelmintic agent which is active concerning adult individuals and larval forms. Albendazole influences polymerization of β-tubulin, which stops it. As a result, occurs violation of formation of microtubules in intestines of helminths, the ability of vermis to acquire glucose is suppressed. It is blocked the normal intracellular migration of organellas, and it is prevented the synthesis of ATP in their muscular tissue. Creation of therapeutic concentration of albendaloze leads to death of helminths. Medicine causes death of nematodes (Necator americanus, Strongyloides stercoralis, Enterobius vermicularis, Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Cutaneous Larva Migrans, Ancylostoma duodenale), cestode (pig, bull and dwarf tapeworm), trematode (Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini), elementary (Lamblia).
Aldactone, which is spironolactone - is a competitive antagonist of aldosteron. In disteel kidney tubules increases removal of sodium and water, reduces - potassium. Lowers arterial pressure. It is prescribed at hyperaldosteronism, diagnostics of hyperaldosteronism, adenoma of adrenal glands, producing aldosterone; edema syndrome at chronic heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, nephropathy of pregnant women; arterial hypertension, hypokalaemia, as additional medicine at malignant hypertension, hypokalaemia, prevention of hypokalaemia at patients with cardiac glycoside.
Being a part of the medicine Allegra - fexofenadine it is an antihistamine with a selective antagonistic activity to H1-receptors without anticholinergic and blocking alfa1-adrenergic receptors; also at fexofenadine isn't observed a sedative action and other effects from the central nervous system. The antihistaminic effect of Allegra is observed in 1 hour, reaching its maximum in 6 hours, and proceeds within 24 hours. After 28 days of taking the medicine there wasn't observed the accustoming to it.
Altace, which is Antihypertensive (the reducing arterial pressure) medicine, inhibitor of angiotensine transforming enzyme. Suppressing angiotensin II synthesis, narrowing a luminal occlusion also reduces its stimulating influence on effuse of aldosteron. Increases activity of a renin in plasma. The medicine also inhibits metabolism (interferes with decomposition in an organism) of bradykinin. Medicine reduces the general vascular peripheral resistance, does not change significantly a renal blood flow.
Amaryl - a medicine of group of sulphonylurea, the peroral hypoglycemic medicine. It has an initially prolonged effect. The mechanism of action consists in stimulation of secretion and release of insulin from beta cells of a pancreas (pancreatic effect). It also increases sensitivity of fatty and muscular tissues to effect of insulin (extrapancreatic effect).